Melbourne is a large city with a temperate climate in South Victoria, Australia with the same latitude as Athens, Algeria, Seoul and Auckland, 37 degrees 48 ‘S. Its climate resembles Christchurch in New Zealand and Tel Aviv in Israel.
The city is characterized by volatile weather known for 4 seasons in one day. These radical changes are one of the biggest influences on the choice of plants on Melbourne’s landscape. With an average summer temperature of 24.8 ° C and a winter rate of 14.9 ° C and the average annual rainfall of plant selection only 650 mm is quite different from Sydney or Brisbane.
The best way to find out which plants will work and what is not to visit a number of the many parks around Melbourne, starting with the Royal Botanic Gardens
The temperate climate in Melbourne gives way to a very wide range of plants. That’s why the potential for gardening is enormous. Melbourne’s Royal Botanic Gardens include gardens representing diverse plant communities such as the humid tropical areas of the arid California desert. In fact, there are many factors common to climate, geography and landscapes in California and Victoria with the temperate coastline, deserts, inland deserts and mountains.
Many colorful fallen plants in the northern hemisphere such as elm and oak as well as conifers thrive in Melbourne gardens where it may be difficult to grow elsewhere in Australia.
At the same time, in the right local climate, it is possible to grow tropical plants and large-leaved vines such as ginger, siliconias, bromeliad, cycad, cordelin, strelitzias and some palms such as Kentia and Livestona. Just remember though that most of these species are thirsty and semi-constant water restrictions in many Australian cities make them impractical in most cases.
Alternatively, arid gardens or Australian Aboriginal gardens can be beautiful, attract wildlife and require little maintenance. Some suggestions are:
Coast Banksia (Banksia Ingrevolia)
Yellow gum (eucalyptus leucoxylon)
Griffilia (Griffilia Ivanhoe)
Hope Bush (Dudonia Viscosa)
The original rosemary (and Stringia Frecicosa)
Scarlet or Lemon Brush (Calcetimon Citrinus)
Matt Rush (Lomandra Longifolia)
Piqua (Piqua Vergata)
Lemon Butlerbrush (Calcetimon Citrinus)
Of course you can add exotic species to these aquatic plants, using things like rosemary, lavender, patience, agave, yucca and trees like crepe ace.
With increasing water shortages, Melbourne gardens and landscape architects are increasingly designed taking into account water conservation with plant selections and techniques.
Some good ideas about Melbourne’s landscape include installing a rainwater tank, recycling your gray water from your shower and washing machine, and adding lots of compost, manure and sawdust to your gardens. As you can see, a beautiful garden is irrigated in a possible drying climate with some new styles.